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Area of a circle = pi x r^{2}. So how did the ancients ever know this
without using calculus? Simple. They changed the circle into a triangle or rectangle, enabling
them to find the area.

The illustration below shows how to convert the circle into a triangle with the same area (top), or how to form a rectangle with the same area (bottom).

Pi = circumference/diameter = circumference/2 x radius = approximately 22/7

I include two graphics below showing another way to convert a circle to a triangle, and to derive the formula for the area of a circle. By the way, C = circumference = pi x diameter = pi x (2 x radius)

copyright 2012 by Bruce McClure

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